China-UK HIV Strategy Support Program — Best Practices in Government Capacity Building (I) | Updated: 2023-11-26
III Enhancing departmental capabilities and system development 
1. Improving policy formulation capability

CHARTS enhanced the policy-making capability of government departments and experts through specialized seminars on epidemic analysis, policy review, capacity assessment, and system establishment, organizing training courses on techniques such as baseline surveys, SWOT analysis and evidence-based decision making, and arranging domestic on-site inspections to address specific problems.
CHARTS also invited international experts to share with Chinese professionals advanced experiences from the UK and other countries. The project arranged visits of policymakers and experts to foreign countries, hosted problem-oriented international symposiums, and conducted trainer practice programs. These efforts aimed to introduce international advanced concepts, technologies, and strategies to China.
For the duration of six years, CHARTS supported the national and provincial government departments in formulating, improving, and issuing 334 policies. It also promoted the application of evidence-based decision-making and other scientific methods, greatly enhancing the level and capacity of policy formulation.
Over a decade since its conclusion, policies and evaluation frameworks established with the support of CHARTS are still in effect. 
2. Enhancing policy implementation capability
At the national level, CHARTS supported multiple ministries and commissions to carry out appropriate activities to enhance policy implementation capabilities and cooperate with local AIDS offices and disease control centers at all levels in HIV/AIDS prevention and control work.
The Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee organized tours with the participation of artists and high-level officials and made use of media coverage to maximize the impact of their messages. These activities gave full play to the advantages of television and various media platforms for widespread dissemination and public awareness.
The Party School of the CPC Central Committee organized large-scale special evening galas to introduce the mechanisms and concepts of multi-departmental cooperation in AIDS prevention and control to high-level officials at the provincial and ministerial levels.
The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security required the inclusion of AIDS prevention and control education in technical schools and vocational training curricula.
The Communist Youth League of China Central Committee carried out activities to bring AIDS prevention knowledge to campuses, igniting a wave of participation among college students. The All-China Women's Federation conducted face-to-face AIDS prevention and control publicity activities, expanding the intervention coverage.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs integrated publicity channels, extensively promoting awareness of AIDS prevention and control through wholesale markets of agricultural products, agricultural cooperative associations, and the CCTV agricultural channel.
The Ministry of Justice strengthened regulatory measures and intervention measures for AIDS prevention in supervision and re-education centers, enhancing regulatory intervention. The Ministry of Railways encouraged railway stations to set up AIDS prevention and control publicity boards on a regular basis.
At the provincial level, CHARTS supported provincial-level regions that had established AIDS working committees to include AIDS prevention in their 11th and 12th Five-Year Plans, to integrate AIDS prevention and control into the overall working plans of the provinces. For provinces that had just set up AIDS working committees, CHARTS supported the improvement of their multi-department liaison officer systems and invited non-governmental participation.