Healthy bones, healthy life | Updated: 2022-10-10
Bones support our body and protect our brain, heart and other important internal organs. They complete the movement function of the body together with joints and muscles. Bones are also part of the hemopoietic system and natural reservoirs of mineral salts, and they also participate in the energy metabolism of the body. Keeping bones healthy is critical to maintaining health throughout the life cycle.
In recent years, China has had a growing aging population. The country now ranks first in the number of patients with osteoporosis. The annual incidence of falls among community residents aged over 65 years has reached 30 percent, and the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis has also soared. The corresponding medical and nursing needs cost a lot of human, material and financial resources, causing heavy family and social burdens. 
In late August 2022, the National Action Office of the China Healthy Lifestyle for All program released a list of key facts on what constitutes "healthy bones", explaining how to keep bones strong by keeping healthy lifestyles such as a reasonable diet, scientific exercise, adequate exposure to sunlight and regular bone density testing.
Key facts of healthy bones 
Nutrition, exercise and sunshine are good for promoting or maintaining bone mass.
Exercise moderately to prevent injuries, take care of the bones and joints of the whole body, and maintain regular exercise.
Children and adolescents should correct their posture, and take more exercise instead of sitting for a long time.
People aged over 40 years should test their own bone mineral density to prevent osteoporosis.
The elderly should pay attention to strength and balance exercises to prevent falls and fractures.