Key information about tuberculosis prevention and control | Updated: 2022-07-07
Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease that can have serious long-term effects.
1.Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which primarily affects the lungs and causes pulmonary tuberculosis.
2.Tuberculosis ranks second in the number of morbidity and deaths in China's statutory reportable Class A and B infectious diseases.
3.If pulmonary tuberculosis is not detected in time or completely cured, it can cause serious harm to health, even respiratory failure or death, bringing heavy economic burdens to patients and their families.
Tuberculosis is an airborne disease and anyone can be infected.
1.Tuberculosis is an airborne infectious disease that can easily spread from person to person through the air.
2.When tuberculosis patients cough, sneeze or spit, they propel tuberculosis germs into the air. A person only needs to inhale infected droplets carrying only a few of these germs to become infected.
3.People have a risk of infection when they live or work in the same room with tuberculosis patients. They should go to the hospital for regular examinations.
4.Vulnerable groups include HIV-infected people, immunocompromised people, diabetic patients, pneumoconiosis patients and the elderly. They should be checked for tuberculosis every year.
People who have coughing and expectoration for more than two weeks should be checked for pulmonary tuberculosis.
1.The common symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis are coughing and expectoration. If these symptoms last for more than two weeks, tuberculosis should be highly suspected.
2.Pulmonary tuberculosis is also accompanied by symptoms such as sputum streaked with blood, low-grade fever, night sweats, afternoon fever, chest pain, fatigue, weight loss, and difficulty breathing.
3.People who are suspected of having pulmonary tuberculosis should go to a local tuberculosis-designated medical institution for treatment. There are designated tuberculosis medical institutions at county, district, city, and provincial levels.
Avoid spitting, cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and wear a mask to reduce the spread of tuberculosis.
1. People with tuberculosis should cover their mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
2. They should spit into a covered spittoon treated with disinfectant, a sterile wet wipe or a sealable sputum bag.
3. People with tuberculosis should not go to crowded public places. If they must go, they should wear masks.
4. People with tuberculosis treated at home should try to live in separate rooms from others, keep the room ventilated, and wear masks to prevent family members from being infected.
5. Tuberculosis is preventable and curable. Nutrition can improve the body’s resistance to tuberculosis.
With standardized whole-process treatment, most patients with tuberculosis can be cured and can avoid infecting others.
1.The whole course of treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis is 6-8 months, and the whole course of treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis is 18-24 months.
2.With standardized treatment, the vast majority of patients with tuberculosis can be cured. They recover and their family members are protected.
3.Patients with tuberculosis are prone to develop drug-resistant tuberculosis if they are not treated well. Treating and curing drug-resistant tuberculosis is complicated and has a low cure rate and high cost, which poses a significant threat to tuberculosis control.